Main Idea and Characters in a Literary Text


9.R.2L Determine a theme or main idea of a literary text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide a summary of the text.

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Every story has a main idea and some characters to help develop a good story. Main idea, good and evil characters are part of every literary text such as novels, short stories, dramas, and poetry. Characters are an important element in the development of a story. Let’s see how the author uses the characters to develop the main idea.

Throughout this lesson the student will:  

  • distinguish among protagonist and antagonist; 
  • list their characteristics;
  • identify and explain the main idea of a paragraph; 
  • clearly define and write the main idea.


This lesson’s content is of high educational quality. It is designed with a model of a conceptualization, definitions, examples, practice exercises and test with different levels of complexity. In addition, it includes rubrics for an objective evaluation.


10 items in example section

71 items in exercise practice

49 items in test

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